GARDENS OF PROPERTY "EL RETIRO"
The present Property "El Retiro", well-known in its origin like Property of "Santo Tomás del Monte", is one of the more important historical gardens not only of the city of Malaga, but of all Spain. To this one an ornithological alive specimen collection has been united, constituting altogether what it has come to denominate ornithological and botanical Park "El Retiro", since to this collection the botanical species are united that its historical garden had, conforming a doubtless unit of attractive.
Their origins go back to one old one you inherit that it had the bishopric of Malaga in this zone, documented from 1523, happening to be a typical farmhouse of Muslim arrangement, to a house-strong one between 1600 and 1603, when bishop D. Tomás de Cózar orders to the greater teacher of the Cathedral, D. Pedro Diaz de Palacios, the construction of a watchtower that gave service to the coastal protection of the zone. The step most important to get to be the excellent historical piece that today is, must to the bishop fray Alonso de Santo Tomás, fascinating personage of the history of Malaga.
Already in century XX, the Property "EL Retiro" has belonged to the Duke of Aveiro, and later it was acquired by a German society that projected to install a park of birds here, being based around 1991 the society Bioparque "El Retiro S.A.". With the extension of the historical area of the Property, one has equipped the Park with an extensive zone of parking, with capacity for the parking of tourism and buses; a space of public reception that counts on point of information and sale of entrances, store for the acquisition of memories, toilets, as well as with a cafeteria and rest areas for the public; the area of administration and management of the Property; and, finally, the ornithological park, with autonomy of the historical garden, looking for a separation not only physical but conceptual between a collection of birds exotic and Mediterranean, other peoplés until does few years to history of the Property. Of this form the historical-artistic patrimony of the assembly conserved in agreement with its traditional cultural meaning is respected. The new constructions maintain a type of popular construction Andalusian, that it tries to give the suitable frame to an institution dedicated to the leisure and to the cultural relaxation, including in the tourist circuit of "La Costa del Sol" like point of special interest, maintaining his aspect of retirement property.
The collections that today conform the Property "El Retiro", can be subdivided in three sections: the ornithological park, the botanical specimens and the historical garden. The ornithological park is a unit of recent creation, since historically the ornithological collection that could exist in the property reduced to the birds of the zone. Today we can enjoy in the park of multitude of birs where they have been tried to gather natural atmospheres of the ornithological species presented/displayed, that reunite not only those traditional ones of the Mediterranean climate, but multitude of acclimated exotic species to the park. In its facilities we can find one hundred fifty species ornithological.
Next to the ornithological park, it emphasizes the botanical collection. Scattered by all the Property eighty species exist botanical worldwide (altogether about eight hundred specimens). One of the botanical species more outstanding of the park are the cypresses (Cupressus sempervivens L.), a variety of the family of the cupresaceas of one long historical tradition. Those that we can see in "El Retiro" have hundreds of years of antiquity, since they were planted when the Property was constructed, reaching the highest 21 meters. Next to these centennial cypresses, they emphasize other arboreal species like araucarias, American, magnolios palms, linden trees, walnuts, hibiscus, khaki, avocados, trees of the love, black cane bamboos, etc., as much of typically Mediterranean tropical origin as, next to another one of the oldest trees of the property, magnificent clear units of ficus. In addition we can enjoy the fences of flower and the violets that have arranged themselves in the shadiest zones of the garden, giving ambient intimate and fragant of extraordinary beauty.
Finally, the historical garden is subdivided in three delimited areas affluent: the garden-orchard, the garden-patio and the garden-cortesano.
Throughout the route of the gardens, we can also enjoy reproductions of diverse sculptures of classic cut that date from the origin of the property.